František Ignác Tůma

František Ignác Tůma (October 2, 1704, Kostelec nad Orlicí – January 30, 1774, Vienna) was appreciated both by his contemporaries and followers as a master of classical counterpoint and a bearer of a tradition of late Baroque style. He worked in Vienna where he came as a musician to Prince Kinsky and was given the opportunity to study with Johann Joseph Fux. After the inauguration of Maria Theresia (1740), he was appointed as a Kapellmeister to the court of Queen widow Elizabeth Christina (1741). After her death he was rewarded with a life pension (1750) and lived in Vienna as a composer and teacher of composition. He spent the last years of his life in the Premonstratensian monastery in Geras, Lower Austria, where he composed his most magnificent works.

Responsoria pro hebdomada sancta

ed. Tomáš Slavický

Thanks to several published selections (anthology by Otto Schmid, 1901), the Responsoria are rightfully considered to be Tůma’s masterpiece. His setting of 27 responsories of Easter Divine Office (Tenebreae) to music came into being simultaneously with the publishing of liturgical texts for the Holy Week in Vienna in 1759. Although the music bears many of the characteristics of classicism, it represents an interesting link between the baroque "stile antico" and the historicism of the 19th century.